• A polyglot header for Python and cmd.exe

    After seeing Raymond’s post on polyglot launchers for Perl and JScript with batch files, I decided to present one for Python:

    @python -x "%~f0" %* & goto :eof
    # Your Python code here.

    This one simply use the special python flag -x to ignore the first line, which is somewhat analogous to the -x Perl flag, but much simpler.

    I also have an alternative Perl polyglot header that does not require the special flag -x.

    @rem = '--*-Perl-*--
    @perl "%~f0" %*
    @goto :eof
    undef @rem;
    # Your Perl code here.
    (Read more...)
  • Onion Sites

    I am probably somewhat obsessed with having my websites accessible over a .onion domain, perhaps because I like vanity names (I’ll explain this later).

    A while ago, I introduced dmojsites2fpbeve.onion for DMOJ. And today, I introduce quantum2l7xnxwtb.onion for this website.

    These .onion websites are accessible over Tor, and do not ever leave the Tor network when accessed this way. Despite not having HTTPS (which is basically unattainable due to the lack of any certificate authority willing to issue free certificates for .onion), the encryption is end-to-end: only your computer and the server at my end can see the actual traffic in plaintext. For those familiar with the Tor network, there is no exit node which can watch your traffic in this setup.

    To preview these websites, you can use tor2web.org. In practice, you simply have to append .link after any .onion domain, and tor2web will take care of the rest. For example, quantum2l7xnxwtb.onion can be accessed as quantum2l7xnxwtb.onion.link. Note that you lose pretty much all the benefits of Tor this way.

    .onion domain names are composed of 16 “random” alphanumeric characters (more precisely, matching ^[a-z2-7]{16}\.onion$). These are derived from the public key of the onion site. Now, you may have noticed that the DMOJ and Quantum onion sites have a nice, identifiable prefix. This is called a vanity name. To generate these, we perform the equivalent of generating keys until we happen to get the desired prefix. This process is not too fast, as you can probably imagine.

    (Read more...)
  • Getting a perfect score on the SSL Labs Server Test

    I decided to take it as a challenge to get a full perfect score on the de facto standard of SSL implementation quality, the Qualys SSL Labs Server Test.

    Needless to say, getting a perfect score is not without cost. For example, many browsers will be incapable of accessing the site. For this reason, I decided use a “disposable” domain name: ssl100.quantum2.xyz, which also runs on a separate IPv6 address to prevent any contamination on this website (there is no IPv4 since I didn’t have a disposable address), so you will need IPv6 access.

    A screenshot of Qualys SSL Labs Server Test showing ssl100.quantum2.xyz getting a full score.

    Incidentally, this also gets an A+ on securityheaders.io.

    (Read more...)